What is Cervical Spondylosis?

Cervical spondylosis, also known as cervical osteoarthritis or degenerative disc disease of the neck, is a common age-related condition that affects the cervical spine, which is the portion of the spine in the neck region. This condition involves the wear and tear of the spinal discs and joints in the neck over time. It is a natural part of the aging process, and most people will experience some degree of cervical spondylosis as they get older.

Key features and aspects of cervical spondylosis include:

1. Degeneration of Spinal Discs:

The cervical spine is made up of vertebrae separated by intervertebral discs. These discs can degenerate with age, becoming thinner and less flexible. As the discs lose height and hydration, they provide less cushioning and shock absorption.

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2. Formation of Bone Spurs:

To compensate for the loss of disc height, the body may form bony growths called osteophytes or bone spurs. These can develop around the edges of the vertebrae and may put pressure on nearby nerves or the spinal cord.

3. Changes in Joints:

The facet joints in the cervical spine can undergo changes, leading to inflammation and pain. These joints may become more susceptible to arthritis.

Common symptoms of cervical spondylosis can include:

  • Neck pain or stiffness
  • Pain that radiates into the shoulders, arms, or hands
  • Numbness or tingling in the upper extremities
  • Weakness in the arms or hands
  • Headaches, especially at the back of the head

The severity of cervical spondylosis can vary. In some cases, it may cause no noticeable symptoms, while in others, it can result in significant discomfort and functional limitations.

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